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College of Science, Engineering and Technology


NSU - Norfolk State University
 
CHM 321 : Objectives
   
 
General Learning Objectives:

  • At the conclusion of this course, you should be able to:
  • Understand concepts of organic chemistry that are related to your "everyday" life experiences.
  • Understand relationships between the concepts covered in the lecture and scientific application in the laboratory.
  • Name, draw, and recognize the chemical structure of organic molecules.
  • Understand chemical mechanism(s) related to the "reactivity" of organic molecules.
  • Understand the relationship between "reaction conditions" and the rate of organic chemical reactions.
Specific Learning Objectives:

Chapter 1: Covalent Bonding and Shapes of Molecules

  • Write the electron structure of atoms.
  • Draw chemical structures and calculate formal charge of molecules.
  • Determine polarity of covalent bonds in molecules.
  • Draw and predict the bond angles and shapes of molecules.
  • Draw Lewis structures for various functional groups.
  • Distinguish between polar and nonpolar molecules, and the polarity of covalent bonds.
  • Learn the concept of resonance by drawing contributing structures.
  • Learn the concept of molecular orbital theory by drawing hybridized orbitals associated with covalent bond formation.
Chapter 2: Alkanes and Cylcoalkanes

  • Define, recognize, draw structural formulas, and calculate the number of constitutional isomers.
  • Name, draw structural formulas, recognize, and calculate the free energy change (?G) associated with conformational changes of alkanes and cycloalkanes.
  • Draw structural formulas and recognize cis/trans isomerism in cylcoalkanes.
  • Predict physical properties of alkanes and cycloalkanes
Chapter 3: Chirality

  • Predict chirality in molecules and physical objects.
  • Draw the chemical structure and predict enantiomeric, diastereomerc, and mesomeric relationships of organic molecules.
  • Understand and designate absolute configuration of molecules using R/S conventions.
  • Learn the relationship between chirality and some common drugs used in human medicines.
Chapter 4: Acids and Bases

  • Learn to "quantitatively" measure the strength of an acid and base.
  • Learn the relationship between Ka, pKa, and pH.
  • Learn to "quantitatively" predict acid and base strength based on the molecular features of compounds.
  • Recognize and draw the chemical structure of acid/base reactions.
  • Learn to "predict" the position of equilibrium in acid/base reactions.
  • Learn the biological importance of acid/base chemical reactions in living systems by studying the application of clinical chemistry.
Chapter 5: Alkenes I

  • Recognize the alkene as a functional group in the molecular structure of molecules.
  • Determine the name of compounds from the chemical structure and draw the chemical structure from the name.
  • Predict the physical properties of alkenes.
  • Learn the relationship between alkene structure and biological applications: from oral contraceptives to insect control
Chapter 6: Alkene II: Reaction Mechanism

  • Describe and predict reaction mechanisms.
  • Calculate energetics of chemical reactions.
  • Describe, draw, ad predict reactions of alkenes:
Chapter 7: Alkyl Halides and Radical Reactions

  • Recognize the alkyl halide as a functional group in molecules.
  • Name, draw chemical structures of, and recognize the structure of alkyl halides.
  • Describe, draw the chemical structure of, and predict reactions of alkyl halides.
  • Learn the biological applications of alkyl halide reactions by reviewing autooxidation in living systems.
Chapter 8: Nucleophilic Substitution and ?-Elimination

  • Describe, draw the chemical structure of, and recognize nucleophilic aliphatic substitution and elimination reactions.
  • Recognize and predict reaction conditions (temperature, structure of reactant etc.) that will allow a reaction to occur.
  • Learn how to convert (synthesize) a compound from a given starting reagent.
Chapter 9: Alcohols and Thiols

  • Recognize the alcohol and thiol as a functional group in molecules.
  • Name, draw the chemical structure of, and recognize the structure of alcohols and thiols.
  • Predict the acidity ad basicity of alcohols and thiols.
  • Describe, draw the chemical structure of, and predict the reactions of alcohols and thiols.
  • Convert (synthesize) a given product into an alcohol and thiol from "starting: reagents.
  • Learn the technological application or organic chemical reactions of alcohols to the legal profession (being under the influence of alcohol = DUI).
Chapter 10: Alkynes
  • Name, draw the chemical structure of, and recognize the structure of alkynes.
  • Predict the acidity and basicity of alcohols and thiols.
  • Describe, draw the chemical structure of, and predict the reactions of alkynes.
  • Use of alkynes as an "introduction" to organic synthesis.
 
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